Piotr WEZYKa, Paolo VISKANICb, Katarzyna BAJOREK-ZYDROŃa, Alessio FINNIc, Francesco FERRINId and Kinga SZERSZEŃa
Institution: aProGea 4D Ltd – Poland; bR3GIS srl – Italy; cUniversity of Milan – Italy; dUniversity of Florence – Italy
Keywords: UF, ES, Lidar, Satellite Monitoring, Adaptation to Climate Change
Almost 80% of European citizens live in cities, which are particularly sensitive and vulnerable to climate change impacts, such as heatwaves (urban heat island; UHI), air pollution, droughts and flooding as well. Specific urban adaptation strategies are therefore needed to make cities more resilient to climate change. In this context, urban forests (UF; parks, forest, etc.) and infrastructures are seen as among the most widely applicable, economically viable and effective tools for combating the impacts of climate change and for help people adapt to or mitigate its adverse effects. Furthermore, the ecosystem services (ES) of UF improved air quality, cooling the air reduced UHI, help rainfall retention, increase the biodiversity etc. – are often not quantified easily, nor communicated to the citizens using these areas. The aim of LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/IT/000079) project is optimising an innovative technological platform to monitoring the ecosystem services of UF and demonstrating its use in real scenarios. The aim is to improve UF management in Rimini (IT) and Krakow (PL). The platform will be based on GIS technologies and will include an assessment of the ES provided by green infrastructure, a smart management of water needs of trees and their irrigation, the use of airborne and satellite remote sensing data (multispectral imageries and LiDAR 3D point clouds), meteorological and an environmental monitoring system, and public participation tools (smart city). Specifically, the project aims to manage trees and green urban areas more efficiently, reducing water consumption and maximising their benefits in reducing storm water runoff. The expected results of the LIFE URBANGREEN project is e.g. to reduce up to 83% in overall GHG emissions from urban green maintenance operations (10% from road transport of vehicles used for maintenance activities) and 30-50% increase of carbon stocked in urban trees (pilot area). The LIFE URBANGREEN project (2018-2021) is leading by R3GIS company (IT) coordinating the partners: ZZM Kraków (PL), Anthea Srl (Rimini, IT), Italy Università degli Studi di Milano (IT), Italy ProGea 4D (PL).