Institution: ETH Zurich – Switzerland
Keywords: Urban Green, Urban Green Management, Urban Green Policy, Vienna, Zurich
Switzerland is a very blank spot on the map of Urban Forestry. At the moment its cities are small and maybe the need for green spaces in urban settlements is not very urgent, because citizens are out in the green in no time. Still the cities are growing and with climate change Urban Green Spaces must become more important to provide a liveable city climate. But Zurich, the biggest Swiss city with around 400’000 inhabitants, just voted to replace a huge green space in the city by a football stadium. This case study shows the barriers and incentives to Urban Green by comparing Zurich to Vienna. Vienna, being the capital of Switzerland’s neighbour Austria, got elected the most liveable city in the world, also because of its immense amount of Urban Green. There are institutional differences between the two cities and the two countries. The main being the fact that Switzerland is a federal semi-direct democracy, whereas Austria is a federal parliamentary republic. Also Vienna is bigger than Zurich, having 1.7 Million inhabitants. By comparing these differences and setting them in relation to the differences in Urban Green strategies, reasons for this difference can be evaluated. The focus lies on the strategies for Urban Green Spaces in newly urbanized areas on the peripheries of the cities. A comparison of the two cases even allows to see what might change and if or how these two cities can learn from each other.